Chairs take the most important stress on their back legs, where they sustain the weight of the user's upper body. The engineer, architect and designer Jean Prouvé incorporated this simple insight in his design to conceive the Standard Chair : while steel tubes are sufficient for the front legs, since they are subject to a smaller stress, the back legs are made of voluminous hollow sections that transfer the primary weight to the floor.
The Standard Chair is available here in its classic version with a wood seat and backrest. Another version is available : the Standard SP chair, with a plastic seat and backrest.
Seat and backrest oak (natural or dark stained) or walnut (black pigmented)
Frame pressed sheet steel and tubular steel, powder-coated
Dimensions H82 x W42 x D49 cm – Seat height 46 cm
Three types of wood available for the Standard Chair seat and backrest
natural lacquered oak
dark stained oak
black pigmented walnut
Three types of metal base available for the Standard Chair
88 – ecru powder-coated (smooth)
40 – chocolate powder-coated (smooth)
12 – deep black gloss powder-coated (smooth)
06 – Japanese red powder-coated (smooth)
Examples of wood and metal combinations for the Standard Chair
oak + black
dark stained oak + japanese red
dark stained oak + black
oak + ecru
black pigmented walnut + ecru
dark stained oak + ecru
oak + japanese red
black pigmented walnut + black
Jean Prouvé completed his training as a metal artisan before opening his own workshop in Nancy in 1924. In the following years he created numerous furniture designs, and in 1947 Prouvé established his own factory. Due to disagreements with the majority shareholders, he left the company in 1953. During the ensuing decades, Prouvé served as a consulting engineer on a number of important architectural projects in Paris.
Jean Prouvé left his mark on architectural history again in 1971, when he played a major role in selecting the design of Renzo Piano and Richard Rogers for the Centre Pompidou as chairman of the competition jury. Prouvé's work encompasses a wide range of objects, from a letter opener to door and window fittings, from lighting and furniture to façade elements and prefabricated houses, from modular building systems to large exhibition structures – essentially, almost anything that is suited to industrial production methods.
In close cooperation with the Prouvé family, Vitra began in 2002 to issue re-editions of designs by this great French constructeur.