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Carl Hansen & Søn, Design Danois

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Vitra Chairs Stools, Benches Tables Sofas Lounge Chairs Coffee & Side Tables Storage Furniture   Lighting Decoration

LCM, Lounge Chair Metal
Plywood Group

design Charles & Ray Eames, 1945/46

The Lounge Chair LCM has a metal base (M for Metal), when the LCW has a wooden one (W for Wood). Incidentally, the LCM wins few inches of seat height and a substantially lighter look. The back and seat are made of molded plywood, with a choice of wood veneer (ash or walnut), or with light padding and leather nero or calf skin (brown/white or black/white). The chrome-plated metal is connected to the hull by rubber elements and metal (shock mounts).

Due to the thin organic shapes of its seat and backrest shells, Charles and Ray Eames' LCM quickly acquired the nickname of Potato chip chair.

Seat and Back moulded plywood with ash or walnut veneer
Frame steel tube, chrome or basic dark epoxy finish. Seat and back of the seats connected to the base by rubber and metal elements (shock mounts)

Dimensions H65 x W56 x D55.5 cm. Seat Height 31.5 cm (32.5 cm with padding)
Optional padding foam + leather or calf skin

LCM natural ash
chrome frame

LCM black ash
chrome frame

LCM black-pigmented walnut  
black frame

LCM black & white skin + black ash
chrome frame

LCM brown & white skin + natural ash
chrome frame

LCM black & white skin + black ash
black frame

LCM leather Nero + natural ash
chrome frame

Wood version

Upholstered version


Charles Eames, born 1907 in St. Louis, Missouri, studied architecture at Washington University in St. Louis and opened his own office together with Charles M. Gray in 1930. In 1935 he founded another architectural firm with Robert T. Walsh. After receiving a fellowship in 1938 from the Cranbrook Academy of Art, he moved to Michigan and assumed a teaching position in the design department the following year. In 1940, he and Eero Saarinen won first prize for their joint entry in the competition "Organic Design in Home Furnishings" organized by the New York Museum of Modern Art. During the same year, Eames became head of the department of industrial design at Cranbrook.

Ray Eames, born Bernice Alexandra Kaiser, was born in Sacramento, California in 1912. She attended the May Friend Bennet School in Millbrook, New York, and continued her studies in painting under Hans Hofmann through 1937. During this year she exhibited her work in the first exhibition of the American Abstract Artists group at the Riverside Museum in New York. She matriculated at the Cranbrook Academy of Art in 1940.

Charles and Ray Eames married in 1941 and moved to Los Angeles, where together they began experimenting with techniques for the three-dimensional moulding of plywood. The aim was to create comfortable chairs that were affordable. However, the war interrupted their work, and Charles and Ray turned instead to the design and development of leg splints made of plywood, which were manufactured in large quantities for the US Navy. In 1946, they exhibited their experimental furniture designs at MoMA. The Herman Miller Company in Zeeland, Michigan, subsequently began to produce Eames furniture. Charles and Ray participated in the 1948 'Low-Cost Furniture' competition at MoMA, and they built the Eames House in 1949 as their own private residence. In addition to their work in furniture design and architecture, they also regularly turned their hand to graphic design, photography, film and exhibition design.

In 1957 Vitra signed a licence agreement with Herman Miller and began producing the Eameses' designs for Europe and the Middle East. Charles and Ray Eames have had a profound and lasting influence on Vitra. It was the encounter with their work that spurred the company's beginnings as a furniture manufacturer. Yet it is not just the products of Charles and Ray Eames that have left a mark on Vitra. Even today, their design philosophy continues to significantly shape the company's values, orientation and goals.